Pouziaris – Troodos: 24 Oct.

N.B. Hiking will be followed by lunch, and this will take place at the Club’s restaurant of choice, on Troodos square. An assortment of dishes, meat and no meat (meze) will be served (no buffet). Please do not wait to receive a midweek e-mail reminder

Our walk of Saturday 24 October 2020 takes place at the Troodos forest area. Troodos is the highest mountain of the island, with its highest peak (Hionistra) at 1950 metres altitude. Troodos is covered by a variety of pine trees, junipers, cedars and fir trees, and also presents the majestic golden oak, an endemic species to Cyprus, as well as a rich variety of bushes and wild flowers. Troodos is also a rare geological phenomenon. The walk starts at 11:15 am. Xenophon is leading this walk, which will go ahead even in light rain; if you need to, call 97613720.

The Pouziaris – Troodos trail is a linear trail, which means we return along the same path. The walk will take close to 3 ½ hours and is classified 2 (medium difficulty). We walk a steady, gentle uphill on the way out, and downhill on the way back. The total distance is 13 km.

Depending on the government restrictions on the day, we shall follow the walk with a served lunch or a picnic. Kindly visit this page in the week prior to the activity for updated news. In the case of lunch, this will take place at a restaurant of our choice in the area.

To provide you with maximum safety vis-à-vis covid-19, and in order to have maximum traceability, we require every participant to register, irrespective of your participation at lunch or not. To facilitate arrangements, for your better service, you are required to e-mail Xenophon by end Thursday, indicating whether you will be joining us for lunch or not.

You have the choice of meeting the group at the walk start, or meet at the designated meeting point in Nicosia. In either case, you need to carry copy of this set of instructions. Meeting in Nicosia offers two important advantages: we drive in full cars, leaving some cars behind; thus, we save in fuel and enjoy the trip in good company. The meeting point in Nicosia is the very large church named tis Theou Sophias (also referred to as Agia Sophia) in Strovolos, which offers ample parking space on its side street. The car trip starts at 9:45 am. Please ensure you observe start times, for the benefit of the group.

How to get to the walk start: From Nicosia take the A9 motorway towards Troodos. The A9 smoothly becomes the B9 highway towards Troodos, when the motorway ends, near Kokkinotrimithia. Up on Troodos, follow the directions towards the central Troodos square, go through the square and take the exit at the other end towards Platres. Zero your odometer as you exit Troodos square for Platres. At the 1.6 km reading slow down and turn left into a tarmac side road; drive along this side road for a few hundred metres, until you see the wooden sign on your right, indicating the start of a nature trail. This point is the upper point of the popular Platres-Caledonian waterfall trail. Park your car on the side. We meet here.

How to get to the walk start (a more detailed instruction):

From Nicosia take the A9 motorway towards Troodos. The A9 smoothly becomes the B9 highway towards Troodos, when the motorway ends, near Kokkinotrimithia. On the B9 you drive past the villages of Akaki, then Peristerona and then you reach the village of Astromeritis. At the Astromeritis traffic lights, where most cars turn left towards Troodos, zero your odometer and turn left. Drive along the main road. After 25 km you pass the village of Kakopetria. Continue to drive along the main road, in the direction of Troodos. At the 33 km reading, you reach a crossroads (no traffic lights), named Karvounas. Do not turn left (this takes you to Kyperounda village and Madari mountain). Do not go straight. Turn right towards Troodos square. At the 41.6 km reading turn left into Troodos square, past the car park on your left. At the 41.9 km reading you reach the end of Troodos square, with a roundabout. Zero your odometer and take the second exit of the roundabout and drive downhill, in the direction of Platres. At the 1.6 km reading slow down and turn left into a tarmac side road; drive along this side road for a few hundred metres, until you see the wooden sign on your right, indicating the start of a nature trail. This point is the upper point of the popular Platres-Caledonian waterfall trail. Park your car on the side. We meet here.

How to get from Limassol to the walk start:

Take the main road towards Trimiklini, then Saittas. Get to the principal junction at Saittas, where you have the options of going straight to Platres or left to Pera Pedi, or right to Amiantos. Continue straight to Platres. At the junction of Psilo Dendro (taverna and trout farm on your right) (this is the starting point to Caledonian waterfall) zero your odometer and continue straight, towards Troodos. At the 2.1 km reading you pass a junction where you ignore a left turn leading to Trooditissa monastery; continue straight towards Troodos. At the 5.8 km reading slow down and turn right into a tarmac side road; drive along this side road for a few hundred metres, until you see the wooden sign on your right, indicating the start of a nature trail. This point is the upper point of the popular Platres-Caledonian waterfall trail. Park your car on the side. We meet here. [If you have missed the turn at 5.8 km and continued straight, at the 7.4 km reading you arrive at Troodos square; turn back and count 1.6 km downhill].

How to get to the meeting point for the car trip:

From Nicosia get to the junction between Cineplex and Apolloneion Hospital. At the traffic lights where you have the Cineplex on your left hand side and Apolloneion Hospital on your right hand side, zero your odometer and turn left. At the 0.3 km reading you see Lidl supermarket on your right. At the 0.8 km reading you reach traffic lights. Turn left into Elaionon street. Immediately after you observe the very large church of tis Theou Sophias, with its green dome, on your right. Just past the church (1.0 km reading) take the first turning to the right into Kastellas street. This side street offers ample parking space. Park here.

Google Maps: Here is a map taking you from the junction between Cineplex and Apolloneion Hospital to the church of tis Theou Sophias http://tinyurl.com/ll9fefj

Google Maps: Here is a map taking you from the Presidential Palace to the church of tis Theou Sophias https://tinyurl.com/ybnc84q7  

About the geology of Cyprus: The more widely accepted theory describing the geological formation of Cyprus refers to the subduction and plate collision of two separate tectonic domains, the northern Alpine orogenic belt, and the southern Eastern Mediterranean basin. The process is believed to have taken place in the Mesozoic Tethyan Ocean period (roughly, 90 million years ago). Key evidence in favour of this theory is the juxtaposed series of fragments of oceanic and continental crust, with oceanic crustal fragments preserved as ophiolite sequences, seen in various localities.

About the geology of Troodos: Cyprus was created at a convergent ocean-continent boundary. Troodos was created when the African plate subducted under the Eurasian plate, partial melt took place and magma rose from deep inside the Earth (a volcanic eruption). Troodos is an ophiolite formed above a subduction zone. The crustal sequence of Troodos consists of plutonic complex, sheeted dyke complex and pillow lavas. Troodos is rich in several minerals, including copper, umbers, ochres, chromite and the lethal asbestos deposits. Copper is the predominant mineral and has been mined and exported since ancient times. Its chemical name in Latin (Cuprum) is said to be related to the name of the island (Cuprus).

The Troodos Ophiolite Stratigraphy and subdivisions, from lower to top, are as follows.

The Troodos ophiolite consists of 3 subdivided units: the structurally deepest but topographically highest Plutonic Complex; the overlying and surrounding Sheeted Dyke Complex; the stratigraphically highest Pillow Lava Series, which forms a discontinuous ring around the Troodos massif. On top of the ophiolite, we find the Umbers unit. Described in a 2-sequence division, the Troodos ophiolite is made up of the lower Mantle sequence and the upper Crustal sequence.

See table for a schematic representation. Note that stratigraphy shows layers from sea-level downwards, into the earth; the diagram must be reversed, to depict the order in which one may find the layers on Troodos massif, given the way in which Troodos was formed.

Table: Generalised schematic stratigraphy of the Troodos ophiolite

In Situ Sedimentary Cover
Umbers
Crustal Sequence Pillow Lavas Upper Pillow Lavas
Lower Pillow Lavas
Sheeted Dyke Complex Basal Group
Plutonic Complex Plagiogranites
Mantle Sequence Gabbros
Ultramafics

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